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What is India-Myanmar Free Movement Regime or FMR? Know history, security concerns
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FMR yaani Free Movement Regime ne aas paas ke border par rehne wale nagrikon ko bina passport ya visa ke doosri desh ki seema tak 16 km tak ghumne ki anumati di.

Sarkar ne Thursday ko Union Home Minister Amit Shah ke dwara desh ki andaruni suraksha aur Poorvi raajyo ke janasankhya sanrachna ko banaye rakhne ke liye India-Myanmar Free Movement Regime (FMR) ko khatm karne ka faisla liya hai.

Videsh Mantralaya isse khatm karne ke liye karyawahi kar rahi hai, ispar Home Ministry (MHA) ne turant FMR ka samarthan vanchit karne ki salaah di hai, Shah ne kaha.

India-Myanmar Free Movement Regime kya hai?
India aur Mynamar ke beech Free Movement Regime (FMR) un logon ko anumati deti hai jo Bharat aur Mynamar ke seema ke kareeb rehte hain bina kisi dastavej ke 16 km tak doosre desh mein ghoom sakte hain.

FMR Bharat aur Myanmar ke beech ek doosre ke saath hua bilateral samjhaute ka hissa tha, jo Bharat ke Act East policy ke tahat 2018 mein lagu kiya gaya tha. Iska uddeshya tha ki dakshin-poorvi Asia ke deshon ke saath vyapar aur judaav ko badhava dena.

FMR ke features:
Yeh Bharat aur Myanmar ke beech logon ki muft ghumne ki anumati deta tha.
Dono deshon ke logon ki muft ghumne ki anumati 16 km tak unke desh ke bhoomi mein thi.
Halaanki, sarkar ne ab FMR ko khatm karne ka faisla liya hai, kyunki Myanmar mein February 2021 mein sainik giraftari ke baad rajneetik ashaanti bani rahi.

Sarkar ne kaha ki poorv ki tulna mein behtar andaruni suraksha aur janasankhya sthirata ke drishti se, Poorvi raajyo mein Free Movement Regime ko khatm kar diya ja raha hai.

Myanmar mein rajneetik ashaanti ne Bharat mein sharanarthiyon aur ghuspaithiyon ki bahaal par chintaen badha di.

Ye ghoshna Shah ne ki thi, do din pehle unhone kaha tha ki Bharat ne poori 1,643 km lambi India-Myanmar seema ko failega.

India-Myanmar seema jo Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland aur Arunachal Pradesh se guzarti hai, vartaman mein FMR hai. Ye Bharat ke Act East policy ke tahat 2018 mein lagu kiya gaya tha.

Seema ke saath fencing Imphal Valley ke Meitei samuho ki lagatar maang rahi hai, jo kehti hain ki jaatiya ghuspaithiyon ko aksar seema ke porous bhag se Bharat mein dakhil hone diya jata hai.

Meitei samuho ke mutabiq nashe ke padarth Bharat mein bechole ja rahe hain, anfenced antarrashtriya seema ka fayda uthate hue.

image source pti